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Criminal Code Macedonia (excerpts)

Criminal Code (Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia No. 114/09) adopted in September 2009, as of February 2014

[…]

Aggravating circumstances - Article 39(5)

When determining the sentence, the court shall especially consider whether the crime has been committed against a person or group of persons or property, directly or indirectly, because of his/hers sex, race, color of skin, gender, belonging to a marginalized group, ethnic origin, language, citizenship, social origin, religion or religious belief, other beliefs, education, political adherence, private or social status, mental or physical disability, age, family and marital status, property status, health condition, or any other ground provided in law or ratified international agreement.

[…]

Endangering security - Article 144 (4)

(1) A person who endangers the security of another by a serious threat to attack his life or body, or the life and body of some person close to him, shall be punished with a fine, or with imprisonment of up to six months.
(2) The person that will commit the activity stipulated in paragraph 1, while performing family violence shall be sentenced to imprisonment from three months to three years.

(3) The sanction stipulated in paragraph (2) shall be applied to the person that commits the crime stipulated in paragraph 1 against an official person while performing his duty, or towards several persons.

(4) Whosoever, by means of information system threatens to commit a crime, being subject to prescribed imprisonment of five years or more serious sentence, against a person because of their belonging to specific sex, race, colour of skin, gender, belonging to a marginalized group, ethnicity, language, citizenship, social background, religion or religious belief, other beliefs, education, political affiliation, personal or societal status, mental or physical disability, age, family or marital status, property status, health condition, or on any other ground established with law or ratified international agreement, shall be sentenced to imprisonment from one to five years.

(5) The prosecution of the crime described in (1) shall be performed on the basis of a private complaint.

[…]

 

Causing of hate, discord or intolerance on national, racial, religious and other discriminatory ground – Article 319

(1) Whosoever by force, maltreatment, endangering the security, mocking of the national, ethnic, religious and other symbols, by burning, destroying or in any other manner damaging the flag of the Republic of Macedonia or flags of other states, by damaging other people's objects, by desecration of monuments, graves, or in any other discriminatory manner, directly or indirectly, causes or excites hatred, discord or intolerance on grounds of gender, race, color of the skin, membership in marginalized group, ethnic membership, language, nationality, social background, religious belief, other beliefs, education, political affiliation, personal or social status, mental or physical impairment, age, family or marital status, property status, health condition, or in any other ground foreseen by law on ratified international agreement, shall be sentenced to imprisonment of one to five years.

(2) […]

 

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