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CRIMINAL CODE OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

(Adopted by the Supreme Soviet of the BSSR on December 29, 1960 Put into force as of April 1, 1961 with alterations and additions as for May 1, 1994)

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Article 71. Violation of the National and Racial Equality as well as of the Equality of Citizens in Dependence on their Attitude towards Religion Deliberate actions aimed at arising national, racial or religious strife or animosity, humiliating the national honour and dignity, as well as a direct or indirect restriction of the rights or the imposition of direct or indirect advantages for citizens depending on their racial or national status, or their attitude towards religion - shall be punishable with the deprivation of freedom for a term of up to three years or a fine. The same actions connected with violence, deception or threats or committed by an official person - shall be punishable with the deprivation of freedom for a term of up to five years or a fine. Actions envisaged in parts one or two of the present Article committed by a group of persons or if they have entailed death of people or other grave consequences - shall be punishable with the deprivation of freedom for a term of up to ten years.

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Article 139. Violation of Laws of Separation of the Church from the State and of the School from the Church Violation of the laws on the separation of the church from the State and of the school from the church - shall be punishable with corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or a fine. The same actions committed by a person who has previously been convicted for a violation of the laws on the separation of the church from the State and of the school from the church, no less than an organization activity aimed at committing such actions - shall be punishable with the deprivation of freedom for a term of up to three years.

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Article 140. Preventing the Performance of Religious Rites Prevention from the performance of religious rites inasmuch as they do not violate public order and are not accompanied by an infringement upon the rights of the citizens - shall be punishable with corrective labour for a term of up to six months or a public censure.

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Article 222. Encroachment upon the Personality and Rights of Citizens under the Guise of Religious Rites Organization or management of a group the activity of which, disguised as a preach of religious teachings or a performance of religious rites, is connected with an infliction of harm to health of citizens or with other encroachment upon the personality or rights of citizens, no less than with compelling of citizens to abandoning public activities or civil duties - shall be punishable with the deprivation of freedom for a term of up to three years with or without the confiscation of property. Active participation in activities of a group mentioned in part one of this Article, no less than a systematic propaganda aimed at committing actions specified in it - shall be punishable with the deprivation of freedom for a term of up to three years or corrective labour for a term of up to two years. If actions of persons specified in part two of this Article and the persons who commit the actions do not pose a great social danger, they may be subjected to measures of public effect.

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