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THE CRIMINAL CODE
OF THE SOCIALIST FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA 

adopted by the SFRJ Assembly at the session of the Federal Council held on September 28, 1976; declared by a decree of the President of the Republic on September 28, 1976; published in the Official Gazette SFRJ No. 44 of October 8, 1976; a correction was made in the Official Gazette SFRJ No. 36 of July 15, 1977; took effect on July 1, 1977. 

Inciting national, racial or religious hatred, discord or hostility 

Article 134. 

(1) Whoever by means of propaganda or in some other way incites or fans national, racial or religious hatred or discord between peoples and nationalities living in the SFRJ, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year but not exceeding 10 years. 

(2) Whoever, by insulting citizens or in some other way, incites national, racial or religious hostility, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term exceeding three months but not exceeding three years. 

(3) If an act referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article has been committed systematically or by taking advantage of one's position or office, as part of a group, or if disorder, violence or other grave consequences resulted from these acts, the offender shall for an act referred to in paragraph 1 be punished by imprisonment for not less than one year and for an act referred to in paragraph 2 by imprisonment for a term exceeding six months but not exceeding five years.

CRIMINAL ACTS AGAINST HUMANITY AND INTERNATIONAL LAW

Genocide 

Article 141. 

Whoever, with the intention of destroying a national, ethnic, racial or religious group in whole or in part, orders the commission of killings or the inflicting of serious bodily injuries or serious disturbance of physical or mental health of the group members, or a forcible dislocation of the population, or that the group be inflicted conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part, or that measures be imposed intended to prevent births within the group, or that children of the group be forcibly transferred to another group, or whoever with the same intent commits one of the foregoing acts, shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than five years or by the death penalty. 

 

War crime against the civilian population 

Article 142. 

Whoever in violation of rules of international law effective at the time of war, armed conflict or occupation, orders that civilian population be subject to killings, torture, inhuman treatment, biological experiments, immense suffering or violation of bodily integrity or health; dislocation or displacement or forcible conversion to another nationality or religion; forcible prostitution or rape; application of measures of intimidation and terror, taking hostages, imposing collective punishment, unlawful bringing in concentration camps and other illegal arrests and detention, deprivation of rights to fair and impartial trial; forcible service in the armed forces of enemy's army or in its intelligence service or administration; forcible labour, starvation of the population, property confiscation, pillaging, illegal and self-willed destruction and stealing on large scale of a property that is not justified by military needs, taking an illegal and disproportionate contribution or requisition, devaluation of domestic currency or the unlawful issuance of currency, or who commits one of the foregoing acts, shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than five years or by the death penalty.

Infringement of the equality of citizens 

Article 186. 

An official who, on the ground of differences in nationality, race, religion, ethnic background, sex, language, education or social status, denies or restricts the rights of citizens laid down by the law, Constitution or other regulation or general act, or who, on the basis of such distinction, grants privileges or advantages, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term exceeding three months but not exceeding five years.

Inciting national, racial or religious hatred, discord or hostility 

Article 134. 

(1) Whoever by means of propaganda or in some other way incites or fans national, racial or religious hatred or discord between peoples and nationalities living in the SFRJ, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year but not exceeding 10 years. 

(2) Whoever, by insulting citizens or in some other way, incites national, racial or religious hostility, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term exceeding three months but not exceeding three years. 

(3) If an act referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article has been committed systematically or by taking advantage of one's position or office, as part of a group, or if disorder, violence or other grave consequences resulted from these acts, the offender shall for an act referred to in paragraph 1 be punished by imprisonment for not less than one year and for an act referred to in paragraph 2 by imprisonment for a term exceeding six months but not exceeding five years. 

 

CRIMINAL ACTS AGAINST HUMANITY AND INTERNATIONAL LAW

Genocide 

Article 141. 

Whoever, with the intention of destroying a national, ethnic, racial or religious group in whole or in part, orders the commission of killings or the inflicting of serious bodily injuries or serious disturbance of physical or mental health of the group members, or a forcible dislocation of the population, or that the group be inflicted conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part, or that measures be imposed intended to prevent births within the group, or that children of the group be forcibly transferred to another group, or whoever with the same intent commits one of the foregoing acts, shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than five years or by the death penalty. 

War crime against the civilian population 

Article 142. 

Whoever in violation of rules of international law effective at the time of war, armed conflict or occupation, orders that civilian population be subject to killings, torture, inhuman treatment, biological experiments, immense suffering or violation of bodily integrity or health; dislocation or displacement or forcible conversion to another nationality or religion; forcible prostitution or rape; application of measures of intimidation and terror, taking hostages, imposing collective punishment, unlawful bringing in concentration camps and other illegal arrests and detention, deprivation of rights to fair and impartial trial; forcible service in the armed forces of enemy's army or in its intelligence service or administration; forcible labour, starvation of the population, property confiscation, pillaging, illegal and self-willed destruction and stealing on large scale of a property that is not justified by military needs, taking an illegal and disproportionate contribution or requisition, devaluation of domestic currency or the unlawful issuance of currency, or who commits one of the foregoing acts, shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than five years or by the death penalty. 

 

Infringement of the equality of citizens 

Article 186. 

An official who, on the ground of differences in nationality, race, religion, ethnic background, sex, language, education or social status, denies or restricts the rights of citizens laid down by the law, Constitution or other regulation or general act, or who, on the basis of such distinction, grants privileges or advantages, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term exceeding three months but not exceeding five years.

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