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Religious Freedom Act

I. GENERAL PROVISIONS AND FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES

Article 1

(Contents of the Act)

This Act shall regulate individual and collective exercise of religious freedom, legal status of churches and other religious communities, their registration procedure, rights of churches and other religious communities and their members, rights of registered churches and other religious communities and their members and powers and competences of the authority responsible for religious communities (hereinafter referred to as the Competent Authority).

Article 2

(Religious freedom)

(1) Religious freedom in private and public life shall be inviolable and guaranteed.

(2) Religious freedom shall encompass the right to the free choice or acceptance of a religion, freedom of expressing religious belief and refusal of its expression and freedom for everybody to express, either by himself/herself or together with other people, privately or publicly, his/her religious belief through worship, religious instructions, practice and religious ceremonies or in some other way.

(3)Nobody may be forced to become or remain a member of a church or some other religious community, to participate or not participate in worship service, religious ceremonies and other forms of religious expression.

(4)Exercise of religious freedom includes the right to refuse the fulfilment of obligations set by the law, which are in grave conflict with the religious conviction of a person, provided this does not restrict the rights and freedoms of other persons, in the cases laid down by the law. The conditions and procedure related to the exercise of the right to the conscientious objection to military service shall be determined by regulations in the field of defence and military service.

(5) The state shall guarantee smooth exercise of religious freedom.

Article 3

(Prohibition of discrimination, incitement of religious hatred and intolerance)

(1) Any incitement to religious discrimination, incitement of religious hatred and intolerance shall be prohibited.

(2) Any direct or indirect discrimination on the basis of religious belief, expression or exercise of such belief shall be prohibited.

(3) A difference in treatment on the basis of religious belief in employment and work of religious and other employees (hereinafter referred to as the Employee) of churches and other religious communities shall not constitute discrimination, if due to the nature of a professional activity in churches and other religious communities or due to the context in which it is carried out, the religious belief constitutes a major legitimate and justifiable professional requirement in respect of the ethics of churches and other religious communities.

Article 4

(Laity of the state and equality of churches and other religious communities)

(1) Churches and other religious communities shall act separately from the state and shall be free to organize and pursue their activities. The state shall not interfere with their organization and activities except in cases laid down by the law.

(2) Churches and other religious communities shall have equal rights and obligations. Every church or other religious community shall be independent and autonomous in its organization. The state shall undertake to fully respect this principle in mutual relations and to co-operate with them in the advancement of the human person and the common good.

(3) The state shall be neutral towards religious beliefs.

(4)The state shall not express opinion on religious issues.

Article 5

(Churches and other religious communities as organizations of general benefit)

(1) Churches and other religious communities promoting spirituality and human dignity in private and public life, endeavour to create meaning in terms of existence as regards religious life and at the same time exert an important role in public life through their activities by developing their cultural, educational, solidarity, charitable and other activities in the field of social state, thus enriching the national identity and performing an important social role, are organizations of general benefit.

(2)The state shall respect the identity of churches and other religious communities and shall lead an open and ongoing dialogue with them and develop the forms of lasting co-operation.

Article 6

(Fundamental principles of activities of churches and other religious communities)

(1) The activities of churches and other religious communities are free regardless of the fact whether they are registered or non-registered.

(2) The activities of churches and other religious communities shall be in accordance with the legal order of the Republic of Slovenia and known to the public. A church or other religious community itself shall determine the method of informing the public about its activities in accordance with its autonomous rules. The activities of a church or other religious community shall not contradict the morals and public order.

(3) Registered churches and other religious communities are legal persons governed by private law. Their component parts shall be also entitled to acquire their own legal personality.

Article 7

(Definition of terms)

The terms used in this Act shall mean the following:

1. a church or other religious community is a voluntary, non-profit association of natural persons of identical religious belief, established with the purpose of public and private profession of this religion and having its proper structure, authorities and autonomous internal rules, its proper worship service or other religious ceremonies and profession of religion;

2. a religious Employee of a church or other religious community is a member of a registered church or other religious community, who is dedicated in his/her religious community exclusively and fully to the religious-ritual, religious-charitable, religious-educational and religious-organizational activities in accordance with the order, regulations, required qualifications and powers of the supreme authority of his/her church or other religious community.

II. EXERCISE OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM

Article 8

(Association)

The persons of the same religious belief shall have the right to establish a church or other religious community in order to exercise their religious belief.

Article 9

(Freedom of activities of churches and other religious communities)

Churches and other religious communities shall be organized freely and shall decide autonomously particularly about:

1. formation, composition, competences and operation of their authorities;

2. internal organization;

3. appointment and competences of their priests of both genders (hereinafter referred to as the Priests) and their other religious Employees;

4. rights and obligations of their members of both genders (hereinafter referred to as the Members), related to the exercise of religion, provided that in doing so they do not interfere with their religious freedom;

5. association with or participation in interconfessional forms of organizing with the head office in the Republic of Slovenia or abroad.

Article 10

(Religious education of children)

(1)The parents shall be entitled to raise their children in accordance with their religious belief. In so doing, they shall respect their body and mental inviolability.

(2)A child reaching fifteen years of age shall have the right to adopt decisions related to religious freedom by himself/herself.

Article 11

(Protection of personal data)

Collection and processing of data on the religious belief of an individual shall be permitted under the terms and conditions for the processing of sensitive personal data laid down by the law regulating the protection of personal data.

Article 12

(Prohibition of the pursuit of activities of a church or other religious community)

(1) The pursuit of activities of a church or other religious community shall be prohibited by a court decision, if:

1. through the pursuit of its activities it seriously violates the Constitution, incites to the national, racial, religious or other inequality, to violence or war or inflames the national, racial, religious or other hatred or impatience or prosecution;

2. its purpose, objectives or manner of carrying out religious instructions, religious mission, religious ceremonies or some other activity is based on violence or uses violent forms, threatens life or health or threatens other rights and freedoms of church Members or Members of other religious community or other persons in the manner seriously infringing human dignity;

3. it is established that its exclusive activity is achieving lucrative purpose or exercising lucrative activity.

(2) National authorities and bearers of public authority who learn about the reasons as referred to in the previous paragraph of this Article when implementing their powers shall be obliged to report it to the state prosecutor.

(3)Should the state prosecutor evaluate on the basis of the report or ex officio that the reasons are indeed given, he/she shall bring an action for the prohibition of the pursuit of activities in the competent administrative court.

(4) The Court shall conduct the procedure in accordance with the provisions of the law regulating the administrative dispute.

(5) The procedure for the prohibition of the pursuit of activities shall be given priority and shall be rapid.

(6)The provisions of the previous paragraphs of this Article shall apply also to unregistered churches and other religious communities, if the case falls under item 1 or 2 of the first paragraph of this Article.

(7)The provisions of previous paragraphs of this Article shall not apply to cases where the responsibility of a church or other religious community for a criminal offence is established under the provisions of regulations regulating the responsibility of legal persons for criminal offences.

III. REGISTRATION OF CHURCHES AND OTHER RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES

Article 13

(Registration)

(1)A church or other religious community may be registered if it has at least 100 adult Members, citizens of the Republic of Slovenia or foreigners with permanent residence registered in its territory, and if it has been active in Slovenia for at least the last ten years.

(2)The application for the registration of a church or other religious community shall be submitted by its representative. The application shall contain the following information:

1. the name of the church or other religious community written in Latin letters, which has to be different from the names of other churches and other religious communities, and which must not be misleading;

2. the seat and the address of the seat of the church or other religious community in the Republic of Slovenia;

3. a stamp bearing the name of the church or other religious community that it will use in its legal transactions.

(3)When lodging the application for the registration of a church or other religious community, the applicant shall pay administrative charge in accordance with the law regulating administrative fees.

Article 14

(Enclosures to the application)

A church or other religious community shall enclose to the application for the registration of the church or other religious community the following:

1. a list containing data on persons as referred to in the first paragraph of the previous Article (personal name, population register number or date of birth and gender, citizenship and the address of permanent residence), including their authenticated signatures;

2. a list containing data on the representatives of the church or other religious community in the Republic of Slovenia (personal name, population register number or birth date and gender, citizenship and the address of permanent or temporary residence if without the permanent residence in the Republic of Slovenia), including their authenticated signatures;

3. description of foundations of its religious belief in the Slovenian language, defining its religious belief and religious mission, worship service and other religious ceremonies and its religious holidays, if any;

4. basic religious texts of the church or other religious community in a comprehensive text;

5. proofs on the presence of the church or other religious community in the Republic of Slovenia in the period of the past ten years. These proofs shall not be required in the case of a church or religious community that has been known in the world for over 100 years;

6. act on the establishment of a church or other religious community in the Republic of Slovenia;

7. the fundamental act of the church or other religious community that must determine:

­ the name and the seat of the church or other religious community,

­ the conditions and method of membership and termination of membership in the church or other religious community,

­ potential rights and obligations of the Members,

­ internal and territorial organization of the church or other religious community and the name of the interior organizational structures (hereinafter referred to as the Component Parts of the church or other religious community),

­ representation of the church or other religious community and its Component Parts,

­ potential method of appointing or electing and recalling their Priests and monks of both genders (hereinafter referred to as the Monks) or other religious Employees and other religious staff,

­ financing of the church or other religious community and its Component Parts, method of control over the disposal with assets of the church or of other religious community and over the financial and material transactions of the church or other religious community,

­ method of termination of the church or other religious community or its Component Part and disposal with the property in such case,

­ method of guaranteeing the publicity of the church work or the work of other religious community.

Article 15

(Registration procedure)

(1) The Competent Authority shall decide on the application for the registration of a church or other religious community by the procedure determined by this Act.

(2) The provisions of the law regulating the general administrative procedure shall be applied to the procedure-related issues not regulated herein.

Article 16

(Incomplete application)

(1)Should the Competent Authority establish that the application for registration is incomplete, it shall warn the applicant in writing thereof and shall fix a deadline for him/her to complete or adjust the application.

(2)The deadline from the previous paragraph of this Article shall not be less than 15 days and no more than three months.

(3) If a church or other religious community fails to complete the application concerned by the deadline or if the application remains incomplete after having been supplemented, it shall be dismissed by the Competent Authority.

(4)No appeal shall be allowed against the decision on the dismissal, however, administrative dispute is possible.

Article 17

(Entry in the register)

(1)The Competent Authority shall decide on the received application within 60 days of the receipt of the complete application for registration.

(2) In the registration procedure, the Competent Authority shall establish whether a church or other religious community meets the conditions for registration as referred to in Articles 13, 14 and 18 hereof. In doing so, the Competent Authority may lean on the opinion of the experts of appropriate professions.

(3) If a church or other religious community meets the conditions for registration, the Competent Authority shall register the church or other religious community into the Register of Churches and Other Religious Communities in the Republic of Slovenia (hereinafter referred to as the Register).

(4)If the Competent Authority does not enter the church or other religious community into the register, it shall issue a decision on the refusal of entry into the register. No appeal is allowed against the decision, however, administrative dispute is possible.

Article 18

(Restrictions of registration and refusal of application)

(1) It is not permitted to register a church or other religious community for which the Competent Authority established that its purpose, objectives or method of implementing the religious instructions, religious mission, religious ceremonies or other activities of the church or other religious community are based on violence or use violent methods, threaten life or health or other rights and freedoms of Members of the church or other religious community or other persons, incites the national, racial, religious or other inequality, inflames the national, racial, religious or other hatred and intolerance or incites to violence or war.

(2)In the cases referred to in the previous paragraph of this Article, the Competent Authority shall refuse the application for registration. No appeal is allowed against the decision of the Competent Authority, however, administrative dispute is possible.

Article 19

(Register of Churches and Other Religious Communities in the Republic of Slovenia)

(1)The Competent Authority shall keep the Register. The Register shall be composed of a database and a collection of documents. The database shall also be kept in computerised form.

(2) The Register shall be public.

(3) The following data shall be entered into the Register:

1. subsequent number of the entry of the church or other religious community into the Register and a uniform identification of the church or other religious community;

2. the number and date of decision on entry of the church or other religious community in the Register;

3. name of the church or other religious community;

4. head office and head office address of the church or other religious community;

5. personal name, population register number or date of birth and gender and address of permanent residence of the representative of the church or other religious community;

6. change, number and date of the decision on the entry of the changed name, head office, head office address, rules or representative of the church or other religious community;

7. number and date of decision on the deletion of the church or other religious community from the Register;

8. comments.

(4) Enclosures to the application shall be kept as a collection of documents. For personal data kept in the collection of documents, the provisions of regulations on the protection of personal data shall apply.

(5)Registered churches and other religious communities shall be obliged to communicate to the Competent Authority any change of data and enclosures required for registration of the church or other religious community within 30 days from the occurrence of any change.

(6) For the entry of change, the provisions on the registration of churches and other religious communities shall be applied mutatis mutandis.

Article 20

(Deletion from the Register of Churches and Other Religious Communities)

(1)The Competent Authority shall delete a church or other religious community from the register by a decision:

1. if the church or other religious community adopts the decision on its termination;

2. if the responsibility of the church or other religious community for criminal offences is established by final ruling and the penalty of winding-up of a legal person is determined;

3. if the church or other religious community ceases to exist under the provisions of this Act;

4. if the Competent Authority establishes that the data or enclosures contained in the application for registration are false;

5. if activities of the church or other religious community are prohibited based on a judicial decision as referred to in the first paragraph of Article 12 hereof;

6. in the case specified in the second paragraph of Article 33 hereof.

(2)A church or other religious community shall be terminated under the Act if it in fact ceases to pursue activities.

(3) By deletion from the Register, a church or other religious community shall lose its legal personality.

(4)Termination of a church or other religious community shall be established by the Competent Authority by a decision on deletion.

(5) No appeal shall be allowed against the decision of the Competent Authority, however, an administrative dispute is possible.

IV. RIGHTS OF REGISTERED CHURCHES AND OTHER RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES AND THEIR MEMBERS

Article 21

(Legal foundations of the rights)

For the purpose of implementing individual provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia or the law, the state may conclude agreements with the registered churches or other religious communities. Such agreement shall be concluded with the supreme authority of a church or other religious community in the Republic of Slovenia or the supreme authority of a church or other religious community with an international legal personality who is competent for the matter under its autonomous rules.

Article 22

(Religious spiritual care in the army)

Members of the Slovenian army of both genders shall be entitled to religious spiritual care during their military service in compliance with the rules on the military service and defence of the country.

Article 23

(Religious spiritual care in the police)

The state shall provide religious spiritual care to policemen and policewomen, who wish so, in the circumstances that make the exercise of their religious freedom difficult. The organization of religious spiritual care and the manner of exercising this right in the police shall be regulated in detail by the minister responsible for internal affairs.

Article 24

(Religious spiritual care in prisons)

(1)Persons who are deprived of liberty by a decision of the court or their movement is restricted and stay in a prison, juvenile detention facility, juvenile correctional facility or training institution (hereinafter referred to as the Detained Persons) shall have the right to a regular individual and collective religious spiritual care.

(2) Material conditions for the exercise of rights as referred to in the previous paragraph of this Article shall be provided by the ministry responsible for justice.

(3)If there is a sufficiently large number of Detained Persons of the same religious belief in the state, the ministry responsible for justice shall employ full-time or part-time the appropriate number of Priests of that same religion or provide the payment for the work performed in some other manner.

(4)A Priest appointed and employed in accordance with the previous paragraph of this Article may perform his/her work undisturbed and may visit the Detained Persons of the respective religious belief without supervision at the appropriate time.

(5) Any Detained Person should be allowed to take part in religious ceremonies organized in the institution to the extent practicable and be enabled to receive books with religious contents and instructions.

(6) The provisions of this Article shall apply also to Detained Persons in juvenile facilities.

Article 25

(Religious spiritual care in hospitals and social welfare institutions performing institutional care)

(1) The persons in hospitals and social welfare institutions performing institutional care (hereinafter referred to as the Residents) shall have the right to a regular individual and collective religious spiritual care.

(2)If there is a sufficiently large number of Residents of the same religious belief in the hospitals in the state, the ministry responsible for health shall provide through partnership negotiations on the basis of the law regulating the financing of health programmes and services the employment of the necessary number of Priests in accordance with the regulations of the minister responsible for health. A Priest who is appointed and employed in this manner may perform his/her service undisturbed and visit the Residents of the respective religious belief at the appropriate times.

(3)Religious spiritual care of the Residents in social welfare institutions performing institutional care who are unable to attend the ceremonies outside an institution owing to their age and health-related problems shall be provided in accordance with the regulations of the minister responsible for social welfare.

(4) Every Resident shell be provided with the opportunity, to the extent possible, to take part in religious ceremonies organized in the hospital or the institution performing institutional care, and enable him/her to receive books with religious contents and instructions.

(5)Hospitals or institutions performing institutional care shall provide the premises and technical conditions for religious spiritual care.

Article 26

(Freedom of construction and use of premises and buildings for religious purposes)

(1)Churches and other religious communities shall have the right to build and maintain the premises and buildings for worship service, other religious ceremonies and other gatherings and shall have the right to free access to them.

(2) In new urban areas, particularly in housing and residential areas, the drafting of spatial planning documents referring to the design of such areas should take into consideration and by mutual agreement adjust also the needs, recommendations and interests of churches and other religious communities while observing the number of the Members of the church and other religious communities. The makers of spatial planning documents shall estimate the need for religious buildings in their draft documents.

(3)Spatial planning documents referred to in the second paragraph of this Article, effective during the bringing into force of this Act, shall be duly supplemented or amended in reasonable time if there exists the interest and the need of churches and other religious communities present in the areas to which these spatial documents refer.

Article 27

(Right to targeted state financial support for the payment of contributions of an insured person for the social security of Employees of churches and other religious communities)

(1)Registered churches and other religious communities may, under the terms and conditions herein, apply on the basis of the authorization and on the behalf of their religious Employees who are the citizens of the Republic of Slovenia with permanent residence in the Republic of Slovenia and who perform the profession of a religious Employee as their sole profession to obtain the right to the targeted state financial support from the national budget in order to cover the social security contributions for the following categories of social security contributions at a rate of at least 60% of average salary for the penultimate month preceding the month when the insurance basis was established: for the compulsory pension and disability insurance (contribution of the insured person) and for the compulsory health insurance (contribution of the insured person). This right cannot be obtained by religious Employees employed on the basis of Articles 22 to 25 hereof.

(2)Priests and Monks shall be entitled to the targeted state financial support as referred to in the previous paragraph of this Article even if their relationship with the church or other religious community fails to contain all the elements of an employment relationship. The state may pay the financial support as referred to in the previous paragraph of this Article for the Priests with at least secondary education and for the Monks with vows of poverty, celibate and obedience. Other religious Employees shall only have this right if they have an employment contract concluded with the church or other religious community, granting a salary to such a religious Employee.

(3) Based on the obtained authorization and received funds, the registered churches and other religious communities shall pay contributions for the religious Employees as referred to in the first and second paragraphs of this Article in compliance with the regulations regulating the payment of social security contributions. The control of the legality and intended use of the funds shall be implemented by the Court of Audit of the Republic of Slovenia and other competent authorities.

(4)In providing the right as referred to in the previous paragraph of this Article, the state shall take into account a reasonable proportion between the number of religious Employees and the number of Members of the registered church or other religious community who are citizens of the Republic of Slovenia with permanent residence in the Republic of Slovenia. A reasonable proportion shall be deemed to exist if the proportion of at least 1000 Members of the registered church or other religious community per one religious Employee of the respective church or other religious community is established. Churches and other religious communities shall prove the number of their Members by authentic data sources, among other things they may also suggest the use of data gathered during the latest population census.

(5)It shall be considered that the condition of a reasonable proportion of one religious Employee is fulfilled also in the case when the registered church or other religious community cannot demonstrate the required number of Members from the previous paragraph of this Article, but can prove that it had been active in the territory of the Republic of Slovenia at least 80 years before the coming into force of this Act.

Article 28

(Financing of state support for the payment of social security contributions for the insured person)

(1)Public funds for the financing of state support for the payment of security contributions for the insured person under this Act shall be provided by the Competent Authority from the national budget and shall be paid to the account of the church or other religious community.

(2)On the request of the Competent Authority, churches and other religious communities shall submit data and documents which they have at their disposal, if these data or documents affect the decisions regarding the rights as referred to in the previous Article hereof. Churches and other religious communities shall keep the documents referring to obtaining the rights as referred to in the previous Article hereof for at least five years after the expiry of the year they refer to.

(3)The Competent Authority shall decide about the eligibility for the funds as referred to in the previous paragraph by a decision on the basis of an application submitted by the church or other religious community. An appeal against the decision of the Competent Authority shall be allowed. The appeal shall be decided by the Government of the Republic of Slovenia.

(4) The number of persons for whom state financial support for the payment of contributions as defined in the first paragraph of the previous Article is paid for a particular month to the church or other religious community may be higher by no more than 5% in the calendar year after the bringing into force of this Act from what it used to be in the first month after the beginning of application of the previous Article hereof. If 5% is not a whole number, the number shall be rounded up. Every subsequent year the number of persons for whom the support is paid to the church or other religious community for each particular month may be higher by no more than 5%, rounded up to the whole number, compared to the number of persons in the month of the preceding year when this number was the highest. The provisions of this paragraph shall apply mutatis mutandis to the churches and other religious communities that for the first month after the beginning of application of the preceding Article hereof have not obtained the rights as referred in the previous Article hereof, so as to limit the annual growth of the number of persons to whom the support is paid to 5%.

(5)Every five subsequent years the highest monthly number of persons of the church or other religious community to whom the support is paid may be increased by no more than 10%, rounded up to the whole number.

Article 29

(Financing of registered churches and other religious communities)

(1) Registered churches and other religious communities shall be financed mostly by donations and other contributions made by natural and legal persons and from their other property as well as by the contributions of international religious organizations whose Members they are.

(2) Registered church or other religious community may collect voluntary contributions in compliance with its rules and effective legislation.

(3)The state may provide material support to registered churches and other religious communities because of their general benefit as defined in Article 5 hereof.

V. COMPETENT AUTHORITY

Article 30

(Tasks of the Competent Authority)

(1) The Competent Authority shall perform the following tasks:

1. monitor the position of registered churches and other religious communities;

2. provide professional assistance and inform registered churches and other religious communities on regulations, other acts and measures affecting their activities;

3. conduct the procedure for registration and keep the Register of Churches and Other Religious Communities in compliance with Articles 13 to 20 hereof;

4. issue extracts from the Register and data on the state of Register;

5. issue certificates on the legal personality of registered churches and other religious communities;

6. issue certificates on the legal personality of the Component Parts of registered churches and other religious communities based on the preliminary certificate of the church or other religious community;

7. perform payments and the necessary budget planning activities for the payment of targeted state financial support as determined in Articles 27 and 28 hereof, and conduct the procedure of decision-making as determined in the third paragraph of Article 28 hereof;

8. provide assistance and budget funds in compliance with the previous Article hereof;

9. monitor the implementation of regulations and other acts and measures affecting the activities of churches and other religious communities;

10. participate in drafting of regulations, other acts and measures in the area of activities of churches and other religious communities drafted by the ministries or other national authorities;

11. draft materials and proposals of decisions for decision-making procedure of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia on issues referring to area of activities of churches and other religious communities;

12. organize discussions and meetings with the representatives of registered churches and other religious communities;

13. co-operate with the ministries, other national and local authorities and organizations in solving the open issues of churches and other religious communities;

14. monitor international conferences and meetings in the field of religion and attend them;

15. co-operate with the competent services in other countries;

16. particularly strive to exercise the principle of equal treatment within its area of work;

17. create the terms and conditions for equal treatment of persons within its competences regardless of religious belief by raising awareness and monitoring the situation in this field and by regulatory and political measures;

18. perform other tasks determined by laws or implementing regulations.

(2)The Competent Authority shall perform the tasks autonomously and in co-operation with the ministries, government offices and expert and scientific institutions or experts in particular fields.

VI. PENAL PROVISIONS

Article 31

(Breach of the provisions on the use of name and communication of data)

(1)A registered church or other religious community or any of its Component Parts shall be punished for an offence by a fine of SIT 150,000 to 300,000, if it:

1. uses in legal transactions a different name of the church or other religious community than entered into the Register (item 3 of the third paragraph of Article 19);

2. fails to communicate the change of data or enclosures required for registration within 30 days (fifth paragraph of Article 19);

3. submits to the Competent Authority false data for deciding on the rights as referred to in Article 27.

(2) The responsible person of the registered church or other religious community or its Component Part that commits the offence from the previous paragraph of this Article shall be punished by a fine of SIT 100,000 to 150,000.

Article 32

(Authority monitoring offences)

The Competent Authority shall be competent to monitor the implementation of this Act as a authority monitoring offences as defined in the previous Article hereof.

VII. TRANSITIONAL AND FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 33

(Already registered churches and other religious communities)

(1)Churches and other religious communities that were registered on the day of bringing into force of this Act with the Office of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia for Religious Communities shall keep the status of a legal person and shall be entered into the Register ex officio by the Competent Authority.

(2)Churches and other religious communities as referred to in the previous paragraph shall submit to the Competent Authority within three years of the bringing into force of this Act the data as referred to in item 3 of the second paragraph of Article 13 and documents as referred to in items 2, 3, 4 and 7 of Article 14 hereof. If a church or other religious community fails to do this within the prescribed time limit, it shall be deleted from the Register.

(3)Registered churches and other religious communities that used to receive the funds from the national budget for partial payment of social security contributions for their religious Employees even before the bringing into force of this Act shall be entitled to receive the targeted state financial support as referred to in Articles 27 and 28 hereof for at least the same number of persons and for the same category of insurance as in December 2003, regardless of the meeting of conditions as referred to in the fourth and fifth paragraphs of Article 27 hereof.

(4)If the Office of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia for Religious Communities, in the last month before the bringing into force of this Act, has been paying targeted state financial support for a person for whom a religious community is asserting the right to the targeted state financial support as determined in Articles 27 and 28 of this Act, the funds for such person for the same category of insurance as in the last month before the bringing into force of this Act may be paid also after the bringing into force of this Act, regardless of fulfilment of the terms and conditions set in the fourth and fifth paragraphs of Article 27 hereof and regardless of such person not meeting the terms and conditions set in the first and second paragraphs of Article 27 hereof.

(5)Payment to the church or other religious community that used to receive the co-financing of social security contributions even before the bringing into force of this Act shall be continued within the same scope as in the last month before bringing into force of this Act until the beginning of the application of Article 27 hereof.

(6)Under this Act, all churches and other religious communities shall be registered that on the day of bringing into force of the Act have not been entered into the records on religious communities kept by the Office of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia for Religious Communities on the basis of the Decision on the establishment of the Office of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia for Religious Communities (Official Gazette of the RS, No. 72/93).

Article 34

(Establishing the Register of Churches and Other Religious Communities in the Republic of Slovenia)

The Competent Authority shall establish the Register within three months of the bringing into force of this Act in accordance herewith and shall integrate into it the data on the already registered churches and other religious communities that it has at its disposal. The Competent Authority shall promptly enter the data from the second paragraph of the previous Article.

Article 35

(Termination of validity of regulations)

(1)On the day of coming into force of this Act, the provisions of the Legal Status of Religious Communities in the Republic of Slovenia Act (Official Gazette of the SRS, Nos. 15/76 and 42/86, and Official Gazette of the RS, Nos. 22/91 and 59/02 – ZJZ and 60/05 ZJZ-A) shall cease to apply, except the provisions of Article 20 of the mentioned Act that shall remain in force.

(2)The Legal Status of Religious Communities in the Republic of Slovenia Act (Official Gazette of the SRS, Nos. 15/76 and 42/86, and Official Gazette of the RS, Nos. 22/91 and 59/02 – ZJZ and 60/05 ZJZ-A) shall be applied until the beginning of application of this Act.

(3)On the day of bringing into force of this Act, Article 73a of the Police Act (Official Gazette of the RS, No. 107/06 – officially consolidated text) shall cease to apply.

Article 36

(Coming into force and beginning of the application of the Act)

This Act shall enter into force on the fifteenth day after its publication in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia and it shall begin to apply three months after its bringing into force, except for Article 27 of this Act that shall begin to apply on 1 January 2007.

 

 

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Z A K O N O VERSKI SVOBODI (ZVS)

( Državni zbor Republike Slovenije na seji 2. februarja 2007 - Uradni list 16.02.2007. n. 14)

I. SPLOŠNE DOLOČBE IN TEMELJNA NAČELA

1. člen. (vsebina zakona)

Ta zakon ureja individualno in kolektivno uresničevanje verske svobode, pravni položaj cerkva in drugih verskih sku¬pnosti, postopek njihove registracije, pravice cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti ter njihovih pripadnikov, pravice registriranih cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti ter njihovih pripadnikov in pooblastila ter pristojnosti organa, pristojnega za verske sku¬pnosti (v nadaljnjem besedilu: pristojni organ).

2. člen. (verska svoboda)

(1) Verska svoboda v zasebnem in javnem življenju je nedotakljiva in zagotovljena.

(2) Verska svoboda obsega pravico do svobodne izbire ali sprejetja vere, svobodo izražanja verskega prepričanja in odklonitve njenega izražanja ter svobodo, da vsakdo, sam ali skupaj z drugimi, zasebno ali javno, izraža svojo vero v bogo¬služju, pouku, praksi in verskih obredih ali drugače.

(3) Nihče ne sme biti prisiljen, da postane ali ostane član cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti ali da se udeležuje oziroma ne udeležuje bogoslužja, verskih obredov in drugih oblik izra¬žanja vere.

(4) Uresničevanje verske svobode vključuje pravico do odklonitve izpolnitve obveznosti, določene z zakonom, ki resno nasprotuje verskemu prepričanju osebe, če se s tem ne omeju¬jejo pravice in svoboščine drugih oseb, v primerih, ki jih določa zakon. Pogoje in postopek v zvezi z uveljavljanjem pravice do ugovora vesti vojaški dolžnosti določajo predpisi s področja obrambe in izvrševanja vojaške dolžnosti.

(5) Država zagotavlja nemoteno uresničevanje verske svobode.

3. člen. (prepoved diskriminacije, razpihovanja verskega sovraštvain nestrpnosti)

(1) Prepovedano je vsakršno spodbujanje k verski diskri¬minaciji, razpihovanje verskega sovraštva in nestrpnosti.

(2) Prepovedana je neposredna in posredna diskrimina¬cija zaradi verskega prepričanja, izražanja ali uresničevanja tega prepričanja.

(3) Različno obravnavanje zaradi verskega prepričanja pri zaposlovanju in delu verskih ter drugih uslužbenk in uslužben¬cev (v nadaljnjem besedilu: uslužbenec) cerkva in drugih ver¬skih skupnosti ne predstavlja diskriminacije, če zaradi narave poklicne dejavnosti v cerkvah in drugih verskih skupnostih ali zaradi vsebine, v kateri se izvaja, versko prepričanje predsta¬vlja bistveno legitimno in upravičeno poklicno zahtevo glede na etiko cerkva in drugih verskih skupnostih.

4. člen. (laičnost države in enakopravnost cerkva in drugihverskih skupnosti)

(1) Cerkve in druge verske skupnosti delujejo ločeno od države in so svobodne v svojem organiziranju ter pri izvajanju svojih dejavnosti. Država ne sme posegati v njihovo organizira¬nje in delovanje, razen v primerih, določenih z zakonom.

(2) Cerkve in druge verske skupnosti imajo enake pravice in obveznosti. Vsaka cerkev ali druga verska skupnost je v svoji ureditvi neodvisna in samostojna. Država se zavezuje k polnemu spoštovanju tega načela v medsebojnih odnosih z njimi in k sodelovanju z njimi pri napredku človekove osebe in skupnega dobrega.

(3) Država mora biti nevtralna do verskih prepričanj.

(4) Država se ne sme izrekati o verskih vprašanjih.

5. člen. (cerkve in druge verske skupnosti kot splošnokoristne organizacije)

(1) Cerkve in druge verske skupnosti, ki se zavzemajo za duhovnost in človekovo dostojanstvo v zasebnem in javnem življenju, si prizadevajo za osmišljanje bivanja na področju verskega življenja in imajo hkrati tudi s svojim delovanjem po¬ (Stran 1534 / Št. 14 / 16. 2. 2007) Uradni list Republike Slovenije membno vlogo v javnem življenju z razvijanjem svojih kulturnih, vzgojnih, izobraževalnih, solidarnostnih, karitativnih in drugih de¬javnosti s področja socialne države, s katerimi bogatijo nacionalno identiteto in s tem opravljajo pomembno družbeno nalogo, so splošno koristne organizacije.

(2) Država spoštuje identiteto cerkva in drugih verskih sku¬pnosti in vzpostavlja z njimi odprt in trajen dialog ter razvija oblike trajnega sodelovanja.

6. člen. (temeljna načela delovanja cerkva in drugihverskih skupnosti)

(1) Delovanje cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti je svo¬bodno, ne glede na to, ali se registrirajo ali pa delujejo brez registracije.

(2) Delovanje cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti mora biti v skladu s pravnim redom Republike Slovenije in javnosti znano. Cerkev ali druga verska skupnost sama v skladu s svojimi avtono¬mnimi pravili določi način obveščanja javnosti o svojem delovanju. Delovanje cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti ne sme nasprotovati morali in javnemu redu.

(3) Registrirane cerkve in druge verske skupnosti so pravne osebe zasebnega prava. Pravico do pridobitve lastne pravne osebnosti imajo tudi njihovi sestavni deli.

7. člen. (opredelitev izrazov)

Izraza, uporabljena v tem zakonu, imata naslednji pomen:

1. cerkev ali druga verska skupnost je prostovoljno, nepri¬dobitno združenje fizičnih oseb iste veroizpovedi, ki se ustanovi z namenom javnega in zasebnega izpovedovanja te vere ter ima lastno strukturo, organe in avtonomna interna pravila, lastno bo¬goslužje ali drugo versko obredje in izpovedovanje vere;

2. verski uslužbenec cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti je pripadnik registrirane cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti, ki se v svoji verski skupnosti izključno in v celoti posveča versko-obredni, versko-dobrodelni, versko-izobraževalni in versko-organizacijski dejavnosti v skladu z ureditvijo, predpisi, zahtevano izobrazbo in pooblastili vrhovnega organa svoje cerkve oziroma druge verske skupnosti.

II. URESNIČEVANJE VERSKE SVOBODE

8. člen. (združevanje)

Osebe istega verskega prepričanja imajo pravico, da zaradi uresničevanja svojega prepričanja ustanovijo cerkev ali drugo versko skupnost.

9. člen. (svoboda delovanja cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti)

Cerkve in druge verske skupnosti se svobodno organizirajo in samostojno odločajo zlasti o:

1. oblikovanju, sestavi, pristojnostih in delovanju svojih or¬ganov;

2. notranji organiziranosti;

3. imenovanju in pristojnostih svojih duhovnic in duhovni¬kov (v nadaljnjem besedilu: duhovniki) in drugih svojih verskih uslužbencev;

4. pravicah in dolžnostih svojih pripadnic ali pripadnikov (v nadaljnjem besedilu: pripadniki), povezanih z izvajanjem vere, če s tem ne posegajo v njihovo versko svobodo;

5. povezovanju oziroma udeležbi v medkonfesionalnih obli¬kah organiziranja s sedežem v Republiki Sloveniji ali v tujini.

10. člen. (verska vzgoja otrok)

(1) Starši imajo pravico, da vzgajajo svoje otroke v skladu s svojim verskim prepričanjem. Pri tem morajo spoštovati njihovo telesno in duševno nedotakljivost.

(2) Otrok, ki je dopolnil 15 let, ima pravico, da sam spre¬jema odločitve, povezane z versko svobodo.

11. člen. (varstvo osebnih podatkov)

Zbiranje in obdelava podatkov o verskem prepričanju posameznika sta dovoljena pod pogoji, ki so za obdelavo ob¬čutljivih osebnih podatkov določeni v zakonu, ki ureja varstvo osebnih podatkov.

12. člen. (prepoved delovanja cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti)

(1) Cerkvi ali drugi verski skupnosti se s sodno odločbo prepove delovanje, če:

1. s svojim delovanjem huje krši ustavo, spodbuja k naro¬dni, rasni, verski ali drugi neenakopravnosti, k nasilju ali vojni ali razpihuje narodno, rasno, versko ali drugo sovraštvo oziroma nestrpnost ali preganjanje;

2. njen namen, cilji ali način izvajanja verskega nauka, verskega poslanstva, verskih obredov ali druga dejavnost te¬melji na nasilju oziroma uporablja nasilna sredstva, ogroža življenje ali zdravje ali ogroža druge pravice in svoboščine pripadnikov cerkve oziroma druge verske skupnosti ali drugih oseb na način, s katerim hudo krni človekovo dostojanstvo;

3. se ugotovi, da je njena izključna dejavnost doseganje pridobitnega namena ali izvajanje pridobitne dejavnosti.

(2) Državni organi in nosilci javnih pooblastil, ki za razloge iz prejšnjega odstavka izvedo pri izvajanju svojih pooblastil, morajo državnemu tožilcu o tem podati prijavo.

(3) Če državni tožilec na podlagi prijave ali po uradni dol¬žnosti oceni, da so razlogi dejansko podani, vloži pri pristojnem upravnem sodišču tožbo za prepoved delovanja.

(4) Sodišče vodi postopek po določbah zakona, ki ureja upravni spor.

(5) Postopek za prepoved delovanja je prednosten in hiter.

(6) Določbe prejšnjih odstavkov veljajo tudi za neregistri¬rane cerkve in druge verske skupnosti, če gre za primer iz 1. ali 2. točke prvega odstavka tega člena.

(7) Določbe prejšnjih odstavkov ne veljajo za primere, ko je podana odgovornost cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti za kaznivo dejanje po določbah predpisov, ki urejajo odgovornost pravnih oseb za kazniva dejanja.

III. REGISTRACIJA CERKVA IN DRUGIHVERSKIH SKUPNOSTI

13. člen. (registracija)

(1) Cerkev ali druga verska skupnost se lahko registrira, če ima najmanj 100 polnoletnih članov, ki so državljani Repu¬blike Slovenije ali tujci, ki imajo na njenem ozemlju prijavljeno stalno prebivališče, in deluje v Republiki Sloveniji najmanj zadnjih deset let.

(2) Zahtevo za registracijo cerkve ali druge verske sku¬pnosti poda njen zastopnik. Zahteva mora vsebovati naslednje podatke:

1. ime cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti, izpisano v latini¬ci, ki se mora razlikovati od imen drugih cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti in ne sme biti zavajajoče;

2. sedež in naslov sedeža cerkve ali druge verske sku¬pnosti v Republiki Sloveniji;

3. odtis žiga z imenom cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti, ki ga bo uporabljala v pravnem prometu.

(3) Ob vložitvi zahteve za registracijo cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti vlagatelj plača upravno takso, skladno z za¬konom, ki ureja upravne takse.

14. člen. (priloge k zahtevi)

Zahtevi za registracijo cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti mora cerkev ali druga verska skupnost priložiti: (Uradni list Republike Slovenije Št. 14 / 16. 2. 2007 / Stran 1535 )

1. seznam s podatki oseb iz prvega odstavka prejšnjega člena (osebno ime, EMŠO oziroma datum rojstva in spol, državljanstvo in naslov stalnega prebivališča) z njihovimi over¬jenimi podpisi;

2.s podatki zastopnikov cerkve oziroma druge verske skupnosti v Republiki Sloveniji (osebno ime, EMŠO oziroma datum rojstva in spol, državljanstvo ter naslov stal¬nega oziroma začasnega prebivališča, če v Republiki Sloveniji nima stalnega prebivališča) z njihovimi overjenimi podpisi;

3. opis temeljev svojega verovanja v slovenskem jeziku, v katerem opredeli svoj verski nauk in svoje versko poslan¬stvo, svoje bogoslužje in druge verske obrede ter svoje mo¬rebitne verske praznike;

4. temeljna verska besedila cerkve ali druge verske sku¬pnosti v integralnem besedilu;

5. dokazila o prisotnosti cerkve ali druge verske sku¬pnosti v Republiki Sloveniji v obdobju preteklih desetih let. Ta izkaz ni potreben, če gre za cerkev ali versko skupnost, ki je v svetu znana že več kakor 100 let;

6. akt o ustanovitvi cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti v Republiki Sloveniji;

7. temeljni akt cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti, ki mora določati:

– ime in sedež cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti,

– pogoje in način včlanjevanja in prenehanja članstva v cerkvi oziroma drugi verski skupnosti,

– morebitne pravice in obveznosti članov,

– notranjo in teritorialno organiziranost cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti ter naziv notranjih organizacijskih struktur (v nadaljnjem besedilu: sestavni deli cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti),

– zastopanje cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti in njenih sestavnih delov,

– morebitni način imenovanja ali izvolitve in odpokli¬ca svojih duhovnikov, redovnic in redovnikov (v nadaljnjem besedilu: redovniki) oziroma drugih verskih uslužbencev in drugega verskega osebja,

– financiranje cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti ter nje¬nih sestavnih delov, način izvajanja nadzora nad razpolaga¬njem s premoženjem cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti ter nad finančnim in materialnim poslovanjem cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti,

– način prenehanja cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti ali njenega sestavnega dela in razpolaganje s premoženjem v tem primeru,

–zagotavljanja javnosti dela cerkve oziroma druge verske skupnosti.

15. člen. (postopek registracije)

(1) O zahtevi za registracijo cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti odloča pristojni organ v postopku, ki ga določa ta zakon.

(2) Za vprašanja postopka, ki niso urejena s tem zako¬nom, se uporabljajo določbe zakona, ki ureja splošni upravni postopek.

16. člen. (nepopolna zahteva)

(1) Če pristojni organ ugotovi, da zahteva za registracijo ni popolna, vložnika na to pisno opozori in mu določi rok, v katerem mora zahtevo dopolniti oziroma uskladiti.

(2) Rok iz prejšnjega odstavka ne sme biti krajši od 15 dni in ne daljši od treh mesecev.

(3) Če cerkev ali druga verska skupnost v danem roku zahteve ne dopolni ali je zahteva tudi po dopolnitvi nepopolna, jo pristojni organ zavrže.

(4) Proti sklepu o zavrženju ni pritožbe, možen pa je upravni spor.

17. člen. (vpis v register)

(1) Pristojni organ mora v 60 dneh od prejema popolne zahteve za registracijo odločiti o prejeti vlogi.

(2) Pristojni organ v postopku registracije ugotavlja, ali cerkev ali druga verska skupnost izpolnjuje pogoje za regi¬stracijo iz 13., 14. in 18. člena tega zakona. Pri tem se lahko pristojni organ opre na mnenja izvedencev ustreznih strok.

(3) Če cerkev ali druga verska skupnost izpolnjuje po¬goje za registracijo, pristojni organ cerkev ali drugo versko skupnost vpiše v Register cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti v Republiki Sloveniji (v nadaljnjem besedilu: register).

(4) Pristojni organ v primeru, da cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti ne vpiše v register, izda odločbo, s katero zavrne vpis v register. Proti odločbi ni pritožbe, možen pa je upravni spor.

18. člen. (omejitve registracije in zavrnitev zahteve)

(1) Ni dovoljeno registrirati cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti, za katero pristojni organ ugotovi, da njen namen, cilji ali način izvajanja verskega nauka, verskega poslan¬stva, verskih obredov ali druga dejavnost cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti temelji na nasilju oziroma uporablja nasilna sredstva, ogroža življenje ali zdravje ali druge pravice in svoboščine pripadnikov cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti ali drugih oseb, spodbuja k narodni, rasni, verski ali drugi neenakopravnosti, razpihovanju narodnega, rasnega, ver¬skega ali drugega sovraštva in nestrpnosti oziroma spodbuja k nasilju ali vojni.

(2) V primerih iz prejšnjega odstavka pristojni organ zahtevo za registracijo zavrne. Proti odločbi pristojnega organa o zavrnitvi zahteve ni pritožbe, možen pa je upravni spor.

19. člen. (Register cerkva in drugih verskih skupnostiv Republiki Sloveniji)

(1) Pristojni organ vodi register. Register sestavljata zbirka podatkov in zbirka listin. Zbirka podatkov se vodi tudi v informatizirani obliki.

(2) Register je javen.

(3) V register se vpisujejo naslednji podatki:

1. zaporedna številka vpisa cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti v register ter enolična identifikacija cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti;

2. številka in datum odločbe o vpisu cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti v register;

3. ime cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti;

4. sedež in naslov sedeža cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti;

5. osebno ime, EMŠO oziroma datum rojstva in spol ter naslov stalnega prebivališča zastopnika cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti;

6. sprememba ter številka in datum odločbe o vpisu spremembe imena, sedeža, naslova sedeža, pravil ali za¬stopnika cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti;

7. številka in datum odločbe o izbrisu cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti iz registra;

8. opombe.

(4) Priloge k zahtevi se vodijo kot zbirka listin. Za osebne podatke, ki se vodijo v zbirki listin, veljajo določbe predpisov, ki urejajo varstvo osebnih podatkov.

(5) Registrirane cerkve in druge verske skupnosti mora¬jo pristojnemu organu sporočiti vsako spremembo podatkov in prilog, potrebnih za registracijo cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti, v 30 dneh od nastanka vsake spremembe.

(6) Za vpis spremembe se smiselno uporabljajo določ¬be o registraciji cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti. (Stran 1536 / Št. 14 / 16. 2. 2007 Uradni list Republike Slovenije)

20. člen. (izbris iz registra cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti)

(1) Pristojni organ z odločbo izbriše cerkev ali drugo ver¬sko skupnost iz registra:

1. če cerkev ali druga verska skupnost sprejme odločitev o svojem prenehanju;

2.je s pravnomočno sodno odločbo ugotovljena odgo¬vornost cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti za kazniva dejanja in je izrečena kazen prenehanja pravne osebe;

3.je cerkev ali druga verska skupnost po določbah tega zakona prenehala;

4.pristojni organ ugotovi, da so podatki ali priloge iz zahteve za registracijo neresnični;

5.je cerkvi ali drugi verski skupnosti na podlagi sodne odločbe iz prvega odstavka 12. člena tega zakona prepoveda¬no delovanje;

6. v primeru iz drugega odstavka 33.tega zakona.

(2) Cerkev ali druga verska skupnost preneha po samem zakonu, če dejansko preneha delovati.

(3) Z izbrisom iz registra cerkev ali druga verska skupnosti izgubi pravno osebnost.

(4) Prenehanje cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti ugotovi pristojni organ z odločbo o izbrisu.

(5) Proti odločbi pristojnega organa o izbrisu ni pritožbe, možen pa je upravni spor.

IV. PRAVICE REGISTRIRANIH CERKVA IN DRUGIH VERSKIH SKUPNOSTI TER NJIHOVIH PRIPADNIKOV

21. člen. (pravni temelji pravic)

Za izvajanje posameznih določb Ustave Republike Slove¬nije ali zakona lahko država sklene sporazume z registriranimi cerkvami ali drugimi verskimi skupnostmi. Sporazum se lahko sklene z vrhovnim organom cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti v Republiki Sloveniji ali z vrhovnim organom cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti z mednarodnopravno osebnostjo, ki je za to pristojen po njenih avtonomnih pravilih.

22. člen. (verska duhovna oskrba v vojski)

Pripadnice in pripadniki Slovenske vojske imajo med vo¬jaško službo pravico do verske duhovne oskrbe v skladu s predpisi o vojaški službi in obrambi države.

23. člen. (verska duhovna oskrba v policiji)

Policistkam in policistom, ki to želijo, država zagotovi versko duhovno oskrbo v okoliščinah, ko jim je uresničevanje verske svobode oteženo. Organizacijo verske duhovne oskrbe in način izvrševanja te pravice v policiji podrobneje uredi mini¬ster, pristojen za notranje zadeve.

24. člen. (verska duhovna oskrba v zavodih za prestajanje kazni)

(1) Osebe, ki jim je na podlagi odločbe sodišča odvzeta prostost ali jim je bilo omejeno gibanje in so v zavodu za pre¬stajanje kazni zapora, vzgojnem zavodu, prevzgojnem domu ali v zavodu za usposabljanje (v nadaljnjem besedilu: pridržane osebe), imajo pravico do redne individualne in kolektivne ver¬ske duhovne oskrbe.

(2) Materialne pogoje za uresničevanje pravice iz prejšnje¬ga odstavka zagotavlja ministrstvo, pristojno za pravosodje.

(3) Če je v vsej državi dovolj veliko število pridržanih oseb iste veroizpovedi, ministrstvo, pristojno za pravosodje, zaposli potrebno število duhovnikov te veroizpovedi za polni ali krajši delovni čas oziroma drugače zagotovi plačilo za opravljeno delo.

(4) Duhovnik, ki je imenovan in zaposlen v skladu s prejšnjim odstavkom, lahko nemoteno opravlja svojo službo in brez nadzora obiskuje pridržane osebe ustrezne veroizpovedi ob primernem času.

(5) Vsaki pridržani osebi je treba v mejah možnosti omo¬gočiti sodelovanje pri verskih obredih, ki so organizirani v zavodu, in ji omogočiti prejemanje knjig z versko vsebino in napotkov.

(6) Določbe tega člena veljajo tudi za pridržane osebe v zavodih za mladoletne.

25. člen. (verska duhovna oskrba v bolnišnicah in socialnovarstvenih zavodih, ki opravljajo institucionalno varstvo)

(1) Osebe v bolnišnicah ali socialnovarstvenih zavodih, ki opravljajo institucionalno varstvo (v nadaljnjem besedilu: oskrbovanci) imajo pravico do redne individualne in kolektivne verske duhovne oskrbe.

(2) Če je v bolnišnicah v vsej državi dovolj veliko število oskrbovancev iste veroizpovedi, ministrstvo, pristojno za zdrav¬je, zagotovi v partnerskem dogovarjanju, na podlagi zakona, ki ureja financiranje zdravstvenih programov in storitev, zaposlitev potrebnega števila duhovnikov, v skladu s predpisi ministra, pri¬stojnega za zdravje. Duhovnik, ki je imenovan in tako zaposlen, lahko nemoteno opravlja svojo službo in obiskuje oskrbovance ustrezne veroizpovedi ob primernem času.

(3) Versko duhovno oskrbo oskrbovancem v socialnovar¬stvenih zavodih, ki izvajajo institucionalno varstvo, in se zaradi starostnih in zdravstvenih težav ne morejo udeleževati obredov zunaj zavoda, se zagotavlja v skladu s predpisi ministra, pristoj¬nega za socialno varstvo.

(4) Vsakemu oskrbovancu je treba v mejah možnosti omogočiti sodelovanje pri verskih obredih, ki so organizirani v bolnišnici oziroma zavodu, ki opravlja institucionalno varstvo, in mu omogočiti prejemanje knjig z versko vsebino in napotkov.

(5) Bolnišnice oziroma zavodi, ki opravljajo institucionalno varstvo, zagotavljajo prostorske in tehnične pogoje za versko duhovno oskrbo.

26. člen. (svoboda gradnje in uporabe prostorov in stavbza verske namene)

(1) Cerkve in druge verske skupnosti imajo pravico graditi in vzdrževati prostore in stavbe za bogoslužje, druge verske obrede ter za druga zbiranja in imajo pravico do prostega dostopa do njih.

(2) V novih urbanističnih predelih, zlasti v predelih, name¬njenih za stanovanje in prebivanje, se pri pripravi prostorskega akta glede predvidene prostorske ureditve pridobijo in sporazu¬mno uskladijo tudi potrebe, priporočila in interesi cerkva ter dru¬gih verskih skupnosti ob upoštevanju številčnosti pripadnikov cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti. Pripravljavec prostorskega akta mora v predlogu oceniti potrebo po verskih objektih.

(3) Prostorske akte iz prejšnjega odstavka, ki so bili v veljavi ob uveljavitvi tega zakona, je treba v razumnem roku ustrezno dopolniti ali popraviti, če obstajata za to interes in potreba tam navzočih cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti na območjih, na katere se ti prostorski akti nanašajo.

27. člen. (pravica do namenske državne finančne pomoči za plačilo prispevkov zavarovanca za socialno varnost uslužbencev cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti)

(1) Registrirane cerkve in druge verske skupnosti lahko pod pogoji tega zakona za svoje verske uslužbence, ki so drža¬vljani Republike Slovenije s stalnim prebivališčem v Republiki Sloveniji, in jim je poklic verskega uslužbenca edini poklic, na podlagi njihovega pooblastila in v njihovem imenu zaprosijo za pridobitev pravice do namenske državne finančne pomoči iz državnega proračuna za pokritje prispevkov za socialno (Uradni list Republike Slovenije Št. 14 / 16. 2. 2007 / Stran 1537)

varnost v višini naslednjih vrst prispevkov za socialno varnost od osnove najmanj v višini 60 odstotkov povprečne plače za predzadnji mesec pred mesecem, v katerem se določa zava¬rovalna osnova: za obvezno pokojninsko in invalidsko zava¬rovanje (prispevek zavarovanca) ter za obvezno zdravstveno zavarovanje (prispevek zavarovanca). Te pravice ne morejo pridobiti verski uslužbenci, ki so zaposleni na podlagi določb 22. do 25. člena tega zakona.

(2) Duhovniki in redovniki imajo pravico do namenske državne finančne pomoči iz prejšnjega odstavka, tudi če so s cerkvijo ali drugo versko skupnostjo v razmerju, ki nima vseh elementov delovnega razmerja. Država lahko plačuje pomoč iz prejšnjega odstavka za duhovnike, ki imajo vsaj srednjo izobrazbo, in za redovnike, ki imajo obljube uboštva, celibata ter pokorščine. Drugi verski uslužbenci imajo to pravico le, če imajo s cerkvijo ali drugo versko skupnostjo sklenjeno pogodbo o zaposlitvi, ki verskemu uslužbencu zagotavlja plačo.

(3) Na podlagi pridobljenega pooblastila in prejetih sred¬stev morajo registrirane cerkve in druge verske skupnosti za verske uslužbence iz prvega in drugega odstavka tega člena plačati prispevke v skladu s predpisi, ki urejajo plačilo prispev¬kov za socialno varnost. Nadzor nad zakonitostjo in namemb¬nostjo porabe izvajajo Računsko sodišče Republike Slovenije in drugi pristojni organi.

(4) Država pri zagotavljanju pravice iz prejšnjega odstavka tega člena upošteva razumno sorazmerje med številom verskih uslužbencev in številom pripadnikov registrirane cerkve ali dru¬ge verske skupnosti, ki so državljani Republike Slovenije s stal¬nim prebivališčem v Republiki Sloveniji. Razumno sorazmerje je izpolnjeno, če je ugotovljeno razmerje vsaj 1.000 pripadnikov registrirane cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti na enega verske¬ga uslužbenca te cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti. Cerkve in druge verske skupnosti število svojih pripadnikov dokazujejo z verodostojnimi podatkovnimi viri, med drugim lahko predlagajo tudi uporabo podatkov zadnjega popisa prebivalstva.

(5) Šteje se, da je pogoj razumnega sorazmerja za enega verskega uslužbenca izpolnjen tudi v primeru, ko registrirana cerkev ali druga verska skupnost ne more izkazati zahtevanega števila pripadnikov iz prejšnjega odstavka, vendar dokaže, da je na območju Republike Slovenije delovala vsaj 80 let pred uveljavitvijo tega zakona.

28. člen. (financiranje državne pomoči za plačilo prispevkovza socialno varnost zavarovanca)

(1) Javna sredstva za financiranje državne pomoči za plačilo prispevkov zavarovanca za socialno varnost po tem za¬konu zagotovi pristojni organ iz državnega proračuna, nakazuje pa jih na račun cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti.

(2) Cerkve in druge verske skupnosti morajo na zahtevo pristojnega organa predložiti podatke in dokumentacijo, s ka¬terimi razpolagajo, če ti podatki ali dokumentacija vplivajo na odločanje o pravicah iz prejšnjega člena tega zakona. Cerkve in druge verske skupnosti morajo dokumentacijo, ki se nanaša na pridobitev pravic iz prejšnjega člena, hraniti vsaj pet let po poteku leta, na katerega se nanaša.

(3) O upravičenosti do sredstev iz prejšnjega odstavka od¬loča pristojni organ z odločbo na podlagi vloge cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti. Proti odločbi pristojnega organa je dovoljena pritožba. O pritožbi odloča Vlada Republike Slovenije.

(4) Število oseb, za katere se za posamezni mesec cerkvi ali drugi verski skupnosti izplača državna pomoč za plačilo prispevkov, določena v prvem odstavku prejšnjega člena, je lahko v koledarskem letu po uveljavitvi tega zakona največ za pet odstotkov večje, kot je bilo prvi mesec po začetku uporabe prejšnjega člena. Če pet odstotkov ni celo število, se število zaokroži navzgor. Vsako naslednje leto je lahko število oseb, za katere se za posamezni mesec cerkvi ali drugi verski skupnosti izplačuje pomoč, največ za pet odstotkov, zaokroženo navzgor na celo število, večje od števila oseb v tistem mesecu prejšnje¬ga leta, ko je bilo to število največje. Za cerkve in druge verske skupnosti, ki za prvi mesec po začetku uporabe prejšnjega člena niso pridobile pravic iz prejšnjega člena, se določbe tega odstavka smiselno uporabljajo tako, da se letna rast števila oseb, za katere se izplačuje pomoč, omeji na pet odstotkov.

(5) V vsakih zaporednih petih letih se lahko največje mesečno število oseb cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti, za katere se izplačuje pomoč, poveča največ za deset odstotkov, zaokroženo navzgor na celo število.

29. člen. (financiranje registriranih cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti)

(1) Registrirane cerkve in druge verske skupnosti se finan¬cirajo predvsem iz donacij in drugih prispevkov fizičnih in pravnih oseb ter iz svojega drugega premoženja, kakor tudi iz prispevkov mednarodnih verskih organizacij, katerih članice so.

(2) Registrirana cerkev ali druga verska skupnost sme zbirati prostovoljne prispevke v skladu s svojimi pravili in ve¬ljavno zakonodajo.

(3) Država lahko gmotno podpira registrirane cerkve in druge verske skupnosti zaradi njihovega splošno koristnega pomena, kakor je opredeljen v 5. členu tega zakona.

V. PRISTOJNI ORGAN

30. člen. (naloge pristojnega organa)

(1) Pristojni organ opravlja naslednje naloge:

1. spremlja položaj cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti;

2. daje strokovno pomoč in obvešča registrirane cerkve in druge verske skupnosti o predpisih, drugih aktih in ukrepih, ki zadevajo njihovo delovanje;

3. vodi postopek za registracijo in register cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti v skladu s 13. do 20. členom tega zakona;

4. izdaja izpise iz registra in podatke o stanju registra;

5.potrdila o pravni osebnosti registriranih cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti;

6.potrdila o pravni osebnosti sestavnih delov regi¬striranih cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti na podlagi predho¬dnega potrdila cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti;

7. izvaja izplačila in potrebne proračunske načrtovalne dejavnosti za izplačevanje namenske državne finančne pomo¬či, določene v 27. in 28. členu tega zakona, ter vodi postopek odločanja, določen v tretjem odstavku 28. člena tega zakona;

8. daje pomoč in zagotavlja proračunska sredstva v skla¬du s prejšnjim členom zakona;

9. spremlja izvajanje predpisov, drugih aktov in ukrepov, ki zadevajo delovanje cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti;

10. sodeluje pri pripravi predpisov, drugih aktov in ukre¬pov s področja delovanja cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti, ki jih pripravljajo ministrstva oziroma drugi državni organi;

11. pripravlja gradiva in predloge sklepov za odločanje Vlade Republike Slovenije o zadevah s področja delovanja cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti;

12. organizira razgovore in srečanja s predstavniki regi¬striranih cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti;

13. sodeluje z ministrstvi, drugimi državnimi in lokalnimi organi ter organizacijami pri reševanju odprtih vprašanj cerkva in drugih verskih skupnosti;

14. spremlja mednarodne konference in srečanja s podro¬čja religije in se jih udeležuje;

15. sodeluje s pristojnimi službami v drugih državah;

16. v okviru svojega delovnega področja si zlasti prizade¬va za uresničevanje načela enakega obravnavanja;

17. v okviru svojih pristojnosti ustvarja pogoje za enako obravnavanje oseb ne glede na versko prepričanje z ozave¬ščanjem in spremljanjem položaja na tem področju ter z ukrepi normativne in politične narave;

18. opravlja druge naloge, določene z zakoni ali podza¬konskimi akti.

Stran 1538 / Št. 14 / 16. 2. 2007 Uradni list Republike Slovenije

(2) Pristojni organ opravlja naloge samostojno in v sodelo¬vanju z ministrstvi, vladnimi službami, strokovnimi in znanstveni¬mi institucijami oziroma strokovnjaki za posamezna področja.

VI. KAZENSKE DOLOČBE

31. člen. (kršitve določb o uporabi imena in sporočanju podatkov)

(1) Z globo od 150.000 do 300.000 tolarjev se kaznuje za prekršek registrirana cerkev ali druga verska skupnost oziroma njen posamezni sestavni del, če:

1. uporablja v pravnem prometu drugačno ime cerkve ali druge verske skupnosti, kot je vpisano v register (3. točka tretjega odstavka 19. člena);

2. v 30 dneh ne sporoči spremembe podatkov ali prilog, potrebnih za registracijo (peti odstavek 19.

3. predloži pristojnemu organu napačne podatke za odlo¬čanje o pravicah iz 27. člena.

(2) Z globo od 100.000 do 150.000 tolarjev se kaznuje odgovorna oseba registrirane cerkve ali druge verske sku¬pnosti oziroma njenega sestavnega dela, ki stori prekršek iz prejšnjega odstavka.

32. člen. (prekrškovni organ)

Pristojni organ je pristojen za nadzor nad izvajanjem tega zakona kot prekrškovni organ za prekrške, določene v prejšnjem členu tega zakona.

VII. PREHODNE IN KONČNE DOLOČBE

33. člen. (že prijavljene cerkve in druge verske skupnosti)

(1) Cerkve in druge verske skupnosti, ki so na dan uve¬ljavitve tega zakona prijavljene pri Uradu Vlade Republike Slovenije za verske skupnosti, ohranijo status pravne osebe in jih pristojni organ vpiše v register po uradni dolžnosti.

(2) Cerkve in druge verske skupnosti iz prejšnjega odstav¬ka morajo v treh letih od uveljavitve tega zakona predložiti pri¬stojnemu organu podatke iz 3. točke drugega odstavka 13. čle¬na ter listine iz 2., 3., 4. in 7. točke 14. člena tega zakona. Če cerkev ali druga verska skupnost tega ne stori v predpisanem roku, se izbriše iz registra.

(3) Registrirane cerkve in druge verske skupnosti, ki so že pred uveljavitvijo tega zakona za svoje verske uslužbence prejemale iz državnega proračuna finančna sredstva za delno plačilo prispevkov za socialno varnost, so upravičene do preje¬manja namenske državne finančne pomoči, določene v 27. in 28. členu tega zakona, in sicer za najmanj isto število oseb ter za isto vrsto zavarovanja, kakor decembra 2003, ne glede na izpolnjevanje pogojev iz četrtega in petega odstavka 27. člena tega zakona.

(4) Če je Urad Vlade Republike Slovenije za verske sku¬pnosti za posamezno osebo, za katero verska skupnost uvelja¬vlja pravico do namenske državne finančne pomoči, določene v 27. in 28. členu tega zakona, zadnji mesec pred uveljavitvijo tega zakona nakazoval namensko finančno pomoč, se za to osebo sredstva za isto vrsto zavarovanja, kot jih je Urad nakazoval zadnji mesec pred uveljavitvijo tega zakona, lahko nakazujejo tudi po uveljavitvi tega zakona, ne glede na to, ali cerkev oziro¬ma druga verska skupnost izpolnjuje pogoje iz 4. in 5. odstavka 27. člena tega zakona, in ne glede na to, ali ta oseba izpolnjuje pogoje iz 1. in 2. odstavka 27.tega zakona.

(5) Cerkvi ali drugi verski skupnosti, ki je prejemala sofi¬nanciranje prispevkov za socialno varnost že pred uveljavitvijo tega zakona, se izplačevanje nadaljuje v enakem obsegu kot zadnji mesec pred uveljavitvijo tega zakona, do začetka upo¬rabe 27. člena tega zakona.

(6) Po tem zakonu se registrirajo vse cerkve in druge verske skupnosti, ki na dan uveljavitve zakona niso vpisane v evidenco verskih skupnosti, ki jo na podlagi Sklepa o usta¬novitvi Urada Vlade Republike Slovenije za verske skupnosti (Uradni list RS, št. 72/93) vodi Urad Vlade Republike Slovenije za verske skupnosti.

34. člen. (vzpostavitev Registra cerkva in drugih verskih skupnostiv Republiki Sloveniji)

Pristojni organ v treh mesecih po uveljavitvi zakona v skladu s tem zakonom vzpostavi register in vanj vnese tudi podatke o že prijavljenih cerkvah in drugih verskih skupnostih, s katerimi razpolaga. Podatke iz drugega odstavka prejšnjega člena pristojni organ vpisuje sproti.

35. člen. (prenehanje veljavnosti predpisov)

(1) Z dnem uveljavitve tega zakona prenehajo veljati določbe Zakona o pravnem položaju verskih skupnosti v Re¬publiki Sloveniji (Uradni list SRS, št. 15/76 in 42/86, in Uradni list RS, št. 22/91 ter 59/02 – ZJZ in 60/05 ZJZ-A), razen določb 20. člena navedenega zakona, ki ostanejo v veljavi.

(2) Zakon o pravnem položaju verskih skupnosti v Repu¬bliki Sloveniji (Uradni list SRS, št. 15/76 in 42/86, in Uradni list RS, št. 22/91 ter 59/02 – ZJZ in 60/05 ZJZ-A) se uporablja do začetka uporabe tega zakona.

(3) Z dnem uveljavitve tega zakona preneha veljati 73.a člen Zakona o policiji (Uradni list RS, št. 107/06 – uradno pre¬čiščeno besedilo).

36. člen. (začetek veljavnosti in uporabe zakona)

Ta zakon začne veljati petnajsti dan po objavi v Uradnem listu Republike Slovenije, uporabljati pa se začne tri mesece po njegovi uveljavitvi, razen 27. člena tega zakona, ki se začne uporabljati 1. januarja 2007.

Št. 080-01/06-7/1

Ljubljana, dne 2. februarja 2007

EPA 732-IV

Predsednik

Državnega zbora

Republike Slovenije

France Cukjati, dr. med., l.r.

 

© KP

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