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Penal Code

(Act on 6 June 1997)

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Article 118. § 1. Whoever, acting with an intent to destroy in full or in part, any ethnic, racial, political or religious group, or a group with a different perspective on life, commits homicide or causes a serious detriment to the health of a person belonging to such a group, shall be subject to the penalty of the deprivation of liberty for a minimum term of 12 years, the penalty of deprivation of liberty for 25 years or the penalty of deprivation of liberty for life.

§ 2. Whoever, with the intent specified under § 1, creates, for persons belonging to such a group, living conditions threatening its biological destruction, applies means aimed at preventing births within this group, or forcibly removes children from the persons constituting it, shall be subject to the penalty of the deprivation of liberty for a minimum term of 5 years or the penalty of deprivation of liberty for 25 years.

§ 3. Whoever makes preparation to commit the offence specified under § 1 or 2, shall be subject to the penalty of the deprivation of liberty for a minimum term of 3 years.

Article 119. § 1. Whoever uses violence or makes unlawful threat towards a group of person or a particular individual because or their national, ethnic, political or religious affiliation, or because of their lack of religious beliefs, shall be subject to the penalty of the deprivation of liberty for a term of between 3 months and 5 years.

§ 2. The same punishment shall be imposed on anyone, who incites commission of the offence specified under § 1.

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Offences Against Liberty

Article 189. § 1. Whoever deprives a human being of their liberty shall be subject to the penalty of the deprivation of liberty for a term of between 3 months and 5 years.

§ 2. If the deprivation of liberty exceeded longer than seven days, or was coupled with special torment, the perpetrator shall be subject to the penalty of the deprivation of liberty for a term of between 1 and 10 years.

Article 190. § 1. Whoever makes a threat to another person to commit an offence detrimental to that person or detrimental to his next of kin, and if the threat causes in the threatened person a justified fear that it will be carried out shall be subject to a fine, the penalty of restriction of liberty or the penalty of deprivation of liberty for up to 2 years.

§ 2. The prosecution shall occur on a motion of the injured person.

Article 191. § 1. Whoever uses force or an illegal threat with the purpose of compelling another person to conduct himself in a specified manner, or to resist from or to submit to a certain conduct shall be subject to the penalty of deprivation of liberty for up to 3 years.

§ 2. If the perpetrator acts in the manner specified in § 1 in order to extort a debt shall be subject to the penalty of the deprivation of liberty for a term of between 3 months and 5 years.

Article 192. § 1. Whoever performs a medical operation without the consent of the patient shall be subject to a fine, the penalty of restriction of liberty or the penalty of ìdeprivation of liberty for up to 2 years.

§ 2. The prosecution shall occur on a motion of the injured person.

Article 193. Whoever breaks into someone else’s house, apartment, premises, quarters, or a fenced plot of land, or despite a demand from an authorised person does not leave such a place shall be subject to a fine, the penalty of restriction of liberty or the penalty of deprivation of liberty for up to one year.

Offences against Freedom of Conscience and Religion

Article 194. Whoever restricts another person from exercising the rights vested in the  latter, for the reason of this person affiliation to a certain faith or their religious indifference shall be subject to a fine, the penalty of restriction of liberty or the penalty of deprivation of liberty for up to 2 years.

Article 195. § 1. Whoever maliciously interferes with a the public performance of a religious ceremony of a church or another religious association with regulated legal status shall be subject to a fine, the penalty of restriction of liberty or the penalty of deprivation of liberty for up to 2 years.

§ 2. The same punishment shall be imposed on anyone who maliciously interferes with a funeral, mourning ceremonies or rites.

Article 196. Whoever offends the religious feelings of other persons by outraging in public an object of religious worship or a place dedicated to the public celebration of religious rites, shall be subject to a fine, the penalty of restriction of liberty or the penalty of deprivation of liberty for up to 2 years.

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Article 256. Whoever publicly promotes a fascist or other totalitarian system of state or incites hatred based on national, ethnic, race or religious differences or for reason of lack of any religious denomination shall be subject to a fine, the penalty of restriction of liberty or the penalty of deprivation of liberty for up to 2 years.

Article 257. Whoever publicly insults a group within the population or a particular person because of his national, ethnic, race or religious affiliation or because of his lack of any religious denomination or for these reasons breaches the personal inviolability of another individual shall be subject to the penalty of deprivation of liberty for up to 3 years.

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